Al-Shabrawey treated retinal M-ller cells in vitro with 12-HETE also. He found this elevated the amount of vascular endothelial growth factor and reduced pigment epithelium derived element, disrupting the balance and leading to neovascularization. Using this finding, Al-Shabrawey’s team found that treating the animals with an enzyme inhibitor or inducing ischemic retinopathy in animals lacking the enzyme restored that balance and inhibited neovascularization. ‘This led us to conclude that if we can focus on or inhibit this enzyme’s pathway, we may have the ability to prevent or treat diseases of ischemic retinopathy,’ Al-Shabrawey said. While this study centered on an end stage of the disease, the next thing is to study how inhibiting the enzyme will affect earlier stages of vascular dysfunction..The surgery includes placing inside the cochlea an electronic gadget with electrodes that collect impulses from a transmitter/receiver and send out them to the brain. The apparatus is accompanied by a speech processor chip that selects and arranges noises picked up by a microphone. Our expectations are that Amina will have a hearing capability of 80 %, enabling her to listen to her parent’s voice for the first time shortly after the surgery. The implant will enable her to have phone conversations, attend normal school and become fully employed when she matures, explained Dr. Balkany. The kid will have considerable auditory verbal trained in Arabic and three weeks after the procedure, the device will be switched on and she’ll hear the global world for the very first time.